Ergonomics is actually derived from the Greek words “Ergon” (work) and “Nomos” (laws) to denote the science of work. Ergonomics is a science of discipline which now extends across all aspects of human activity. It is the study of human capabilities in relationship to work demands.
Many people suffer because their conditions at work and home are incompatible with their needs, abilities and limitations. This situation affects their safety and well being.
Ergonomics promotes a holistic approach in which considerations of physical, cognitive, social, organizational, environmental and other relevant factors are taken into account. For example working posture, repetitive movements, work related musculoskeletal disorders, work place layout, human – computer interaction, work stress, work design, lighting, telework etc.
High technology can make our lives more efficient and exciting. However, fascination with technology and overly ambitious business expectations can cause us to overlook human factors risks. Neglecting these risks can have serious effects on an individual.